1944-11-29

Crash site Falsterbo, Sweden
Airline Deutsche Lufthansa
Aircraft Focke Wulf Fw 200  –  D-ARHW  –  Friesland
Route Berlin  –  Malmö/Bulltofta  –  Stockholm/Bromma
Crew 4  –  0 survivors
Passengers 6  –  0 survivors

 

The crash

The plane left Berlin on schedule at 09:10 and the last radio contact was at 10:19. It was very cloudy and when the plane got closer to the Swedish coast the captain decided to go down below the clouds. When he came down below the clouds he was just above a German patrol boat.  The crew on board the patrol boat thought they were being attacked by an enemy plane and opened fire. The airplane caught fire and crashed into the sea 2-3 km south of Måkläppen near Falsterbo.
The crashing plane was observed from the Falsterbo light house at 10:25, and they immediately informed Bulltofta airport. An airplane from the Swedish airforce was over the crash site at 11:15 and at the same time a Swedish navy boat also arrived. Soon more boats arrived and took part in the search. At 12:40 the first parts from the wreck were found and during the afternoon more debris and also some mail bags were salvaged and transported to the Bulltofta airport.

 

The mail

The plane carried 627 kg of mail. In all 29 mail bags were salvaged – some by the search and rescue boats and others were found along the shore the following days. The majority of the mail came from Switzerland and was addressed for Sweden.
The Swedish Post produced a special label which was used on all mail addressed to Sweden (type A).
The rest of the mail was forwarded to the recipients with a special handstamp (type B).

 

Number of items in my records:

 To  /  From Germany Hungary Liectenstein Switzerland
Finland      1 1
Sweden  3  2   35 
Great Britain       5
Ireland       2
Brazil       1
Costa Rica       1
U.S.A.        3

 

A.
19441129 ASwedish label.
Black printing on white paper.
Size: c. 37½ x 26½ mm.

Translation:
This item has been damaged by water in the
crash of the airplane on the route Berlin-
Stockholm near Falsterbo 29 November 1944.
Stamps have in some cases fallen off.

 

 

B.
19440829 BSwedish handstamp.
Violet.
Size: 67 x 25 mm.

This handstamp was used on mail which
was forwarded to the recipients.

 

This handstamp was also used on mail
from the Kinnekulle crash (1944-08-29).

 

 

 

Service Covers
I have only recorded very few items which were forwarded in a Swedish service cover. As the mail was mostly in relatively good condition except for watersoaking there was little need for such covers. A more detailed study is under way.

 

 

 

 

 

Examples of mail

19441129 014a 19441129 014b

Registered express cover from Vaduz, Liechtenstein with illegible postmark addressed to Helsingfors, Finland. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also shows Finnish censormarks (label + circular handstamp). On the back is a Finnish arrival postmark dated -5.XII.44.

19441129 015a 19441129 015b

Cover from Zürich, Switzerland with illegible postmark addressed to Helsingfors, Finland. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also shows a Finnish circular censor handstamp. On the front is a manuscript arrival date 11/12 1944.
Ala-Honkola Collection.

19441129 070a 19441129 070b

Cover from Germany postmarked GRÜNA 18.11.44 to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin.

19441129 013a 19441129 013b

Cover from Hungary postmarked BUDAPEST with illegible date and addressed to Sweden. Swedish crash label type A on front and Hungarian censormarks (label + handstamps) on the back.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 180a 19441129 180b

A much watersoaked cover from Hungary with illegible postmark addressed to Stockholm, Sweden. On front is the usual Swedish crash label. 

19441129 002a 19441129 002b

Cover from Teufen, Switzerland with illegible postmark dated 16.11.44 to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 005a 19441129 005b

Cover from Basel, Switzerland with illegible postmark dated to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 006a 19441129 006b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked OBERDORF (BASELLAND) 16.XI.44 to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 004a 19441129 004b

Large registered cover from Switzerland postmarked ST GALLEN 1  16.XI.44 to Stockholm. Swedish crash label on the back with Swedish postmark STOCKHOLM 1 * ANK D *  7.12.44. Also German censorship of Berlin.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 001a  19441129 001b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked  ZÜRICH 14 XI. 44 to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin. The cover was forwarded in a neutral Swedish glassine service cover (size: 165 x 135 mm).
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 011a 19441129 011c

Large cover from Switzerland with metermark THALWIL (date not readable) addressed to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label and German censorship of Berlin. The cover was forwarded in a Swedish glassine service cover (size: 260 x 166 mm) with an oval violet handstamp STOCKHOLM 1  AVG. UTR.  -6 DEC 1944.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 008a 19441129 008b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked BASEL 17.XI.44 to Stockholm, Sweden. Swedish crash label type A and German censorship of Berlin. This cover also has the framed Swedish crash handstamp type B, which was for onward going mail via Great Britain. Only example I have seen used on mail to Sweden and must be stamped on this cover by mistake.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 130a 19441129 130b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked ST. GALLEN 14.XI.44 to St. Albans, England. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also show British censormarkings incl. two interesting labels P.C.5 and P.C.137.

19441129 010a 19441129 010b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked RIEHEN 14.XI.44 to London. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also has a British censorlabel (no. 2127). On the back is an arrival postmark LONDON 29 DE 1944.
Thiesen Collection.

19441129 146a 19441129 146b

Cover from Degersheim, St. Gallen, Switzerland with illegible postmark addressed to Dun Laoghaire, Ireland. Note the framed Swiss handstamp “über – via with manuscript Schweden”. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also has a British censor label (no. 9233) and an Irish censor label (no. 144).
Vogt Collection.

26.Auktion 26.Auktion

Cover from Basel, Switzerland with illegible postmark addressed to Suzano, Brazil. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also has a British censor label (no. 6959). On the back there are two Brazilian arrival postmarks of early March 1945.

19441129 160a 19441129 160b

Cover from Switzerland postmarked ZÜRICH 15.XI.44 to Pasadena, U.S.A. Swedish crash handstamp and German censorship of Berlin. The cover also show U.S. censor label (no. 5737).
Ekenstierna Collection.

19441129 009a  

A much travelled picture postcard from Sweden written and postmarked UPPSALA 19.8.44 and addressed to Paris, France. The postcard was sent via Germany where it was censored (red censormark and blue strike of chemical censorship). As the postcard could not be forwarded from Germany to France it was returned to Sweden with two handsamps “Zurück” and “VERKEHR UNTERBROCHEN”. On the return flight from Germany to Sweden the postcard was onboard the airplane which crashed.
Thiesen Collection.